“Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.”
From a psychodynamic approach, Miguel seems to have had trouble in the past, and due to his unconscious mind he is having trouble falling asleep and irritable during the day. If something dramatic in his past happened, he could be thinking about past experiences or having memories which distract him. Miguel’s unconscious mind is uncontrollable, making it hard for Miguel to overcome his behavior. Certain instances during the day may trigger memories or thoughts about his past.
From a behavioral approach, we learn that Miguel is a perfectionist. Since Miguel is a perfectionist, people can physically see the way he reacts to failure or mistakes. If someone was watching Miguel they could observe that Miguel gets angry when he feels what he did is not perfect. Miguel gets mad at himself after messing up, which is something someone can see on the outside.
From a humanistic perspective Miguel needs more sleep and he attempts to get more sleep, but has no luck. Due to his lack of sleep, Miguel has trouble controlling his anger and how fast he gets irritated. Miguel’s studies are also hard for him because he is not getting the sleep he needs to focus academically. sleep is an important role in a human’s life, and without much sleep Miguel’s behavior does not improve.
From a cognitive approach on Miguel’s behavior, we discover that Miguel gets angry quickly and over little things. Miguel does not take the time to think instances over to react the way he should. Cognitively, Miguel does not have good concentration and struggles with school work so he may not interpret certain subjects the way he should. Miguel also gets in fights with his roommates possibly because he does not think before he speaks and says stuff to make his roommates upset.
From a the neuroscience perspective, Miguel seems to have a short temper and quick to react to certain instances. For example, Miguel gets angry when he does not do things the way he thinks he should. Miguel’s emotions show when he does not do something the way he should, so he doubts himself and that causes him to not try. If someone feels that they cannot do anything right, they start to think they are not good enough. A possible reason why Miguel reacts this way may be because Miguel was always praised for doing such a good job when he was with his family, but now without the encouragement, one little mistake could make Miguel feel like a failure.
From a social-cultural perspective, Miguel’s anger that he shows in public due to not achieving everything could possibly be taken differently depending on someone’s culture. Miguel does not hide his emotions and lashes out on his roommates making it look as if he does not know how to approach a problem like most humans. The way Miguel acts could represent what he saw as a child and he may not see a problem with the way he talks to his roommates, and his roommates take what he says the wrong way.